6 Major Causes of Acne You Should Know

causes of acne

Finding the specific causes of your acne is not as clear-cut as you think. For one, acne is a chronic skin disease developed due to multiple factors.

Jessica Krant, an acne expert from New York, reveals that pimples are a result of hormones, bacteria, dead skin cells, and inflammation. But it can also be triggered by stress, cosmetic products, and even diet.

Over the years, several studies have dealt with the possible link between acne and diet. Among the known foods that cause acne are chocolates, milk, and greasy foods. But these claims have long been considered as a myth by experts who found insufficient evidence that pimples are, indeed, caused by specific food types.


So what really causes acne?

Here are some of the major pimple-causing factors you should be wary of:


Hormonal Imbalance

Major acne breakouts usually start during puberty years when androgens or male hormones are at their peak. These hormones are known to stimulate sebaceous glands to produce more oil. As a result, sebum—combined with dead skin cells—starts to plug the pores and initiate acne formation. Although acne usually subsides during your early 20’s, almost 20% of the population can still experience acne flare-outs at this point.



Most acne cases are hereditary in nature. In other words, those whose parents experienced acne problems before are more likely to get similar issues during their puberty and teenage years. Hereditary acne explains why certain people still get acne even without triggering factors such as oily diet, stress, and hormones.



The bacterium Propionibacterium acnes naturally occurs in the skin of most people. However, once a combination of oil and dead skin cells start to plug the pores, the bacteria starts to multiply. After the follicle wall raptures, the bacteria along with the pustule will then invade nearby tissues. Infection and inflammation occur afterwards leading to acne or, in more severe cases, nodular acne formation.



Use of steroids is a known factor that can aggravate acne formation. But bodybuilders are not the only one at risk for acne flare-outs. Even people who take simple steroid-based drugs to treat a condition can get the same side-effects. To prevent this, read medication labels carefully for the presence of steroids like prednisone, cortisone, and hydrocortisone.



Yes. There is such thing as “acne cosmetica” and you can usually get this by using comedogenic products like lotion, facial cream, and makeup. The mineral oils in this make up can render your skin extra sensitive and more prone to pimples. For best results, steer clear from these type of products and stick with those that minimize pores and maintain your skin moisture at the same time.



Especially when it’s always dirty and rarely disinfected, your iPhone can potentially leave your chin or mouth area with a lot of swelling pimples. As a standard, clean your cellphone/mobile screens with alcohol wipes at least once a week. The same principle applies to other items that often require skin contact like your yoga mat and even pillows.